In the first three quarters, research and development (R&D) costs amounted to € 73 million, compared with € 58 million in the prior-year period. Furthermore, we capitalised € 60 million in development costs (previous year: € 30 million). Enhancing efficiency and reducing the emissions of our fossil fuel-fired power plants are the centrepiece of our R&D measures. On August 18, 2009, we officially commissioned a CO2 scrubbing pilot plant in our Coal Innovation Centre at our Niederaussem site in Germany. This project involves separating carbon dioxide from flue gas under real-life conditions to gain valuable experience for future large-scale facilities. Detailed information on our R&D activities is provided in .
Research and development
Focus on higher efficiency and lower emissions in electricity generation